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The Great Wall - History and Possibilities for Future Use

  • Jul 1, 2011
Rating:
+5
The Great Wall of China was built to protect the Chinese Empire from marauders
from the north. The first sections were built in the Seventh Century BC. At that time, China
was segmented into many small states and political municipalities of varying sizes.

Scores of troops, conscripts and others were used to construct the Great Wall of China.
The materials employed were those available proximate to the wall itself. Near Beijing, 
the wall is constructed from quarried limestone blocks. In other locations, the construction consists
of  quarried granite or fired brick. Where such materials are used, two finished walls are erected with
packed earth and rubble fill placed in between with a final paving to form a single unit.

In some areas the blocks were cemented with a mixture of gooey rice and egg whites. In the extreme western desert locations, where good materials are in scarce supply , the wall was constructed from dirt packed between rough wood secured with woven mats. The wall consists mainly of 3 types of
structures;  namely,  Beacon towers for defense and soldier accommodation, Walls for fortification purposes and Passes for allowing troop and delivery-route movements in various political subdivisions.

The Great Wall is high - high enough that you would need scaling ladders. There were garrisons
of soldiers posted along the wall route. They lived in little turrets built to be observation posts.  
Anyone mounting a ladder to scale the wall would have to face armed soldiers at the top .
This defensive arrangement slowed invaders considerably but not totally.  1)

After subjugating and uniting China from seven Warring States, the emperor connected
and extended four old  fortification walls along northern China circa 700 B.C. (over 2500 years ago). Armies were stationed along the wall as a first line of  defense against the invading nomadic Hsiung Nu tribes north of China (the Huns). Signal fires from the Wall provided early warnings of an attack. 2)  4)

The structure was envisioned as a group of independent walls for different states when first built.
The term  "Great" Wall came into use in the Qin Dynasty. Emperor Qin Shihuang succeeded in
his effort to have the walls joined together to ward off the invasions from the Huns in
the north. From then on, the Great Wall has served as a monument of the Chinese nation .

The Great Wall traverses great  deserts, plains, grasslands, mountains and plateaus. 
It stretches  nearly 8,851.8 kilometers (5,500 miles) from the east to west.
The Great Wall has a history of over 2000 years. A few of the sections are now in ruins
or have worn away to practically nothing. Nonetheless, the structure remains one
of the most sought after attractions on earth due to its architectural
splendor and continuing historical significance.

The Great Wall we see today was constructed in great part  during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
The structure starts from the Hushan Great Wall in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west crossing
Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi,
Gansu and Qinghai.  The Great Wall isn't actually a single, continuous wall - it's a series of separate
fortifications linked by hill defenses, rivers and trenches of various depths.

Over the centuries , the Great Wall was rebuilt, modified or extended . For over 2,000 years, 
millions of Chinese people were drafted to work on the task. The primary purpose
was to protect the Chinese Empire from the Mongolians and other invaders. Most of the
Great Wall which survives today was built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). In some areas, two walls
built in multiple dynastic periods can be seen alongside each other.

The Great Wall is not just a single structure . Other defensive works;  such as,   forts, passes and beacon towers were built along the Wall to house auxiliary soldiers, conscripts, store grain , conceal weapons, and transmit strategic military field data.

The structure evolved from continuing clashes between agricultural and nomadic economies. 
As such,  the Great Wall provided protection for continuing economic development and cultural progress. It safeguarded the trading routes such as the historic Silk Road, and secured transmission of information and transportation.

Today,  less than 30% of the Great Wall remains in good condition. Various preservation societies have
called for greater protection of this important relic.

The construction of the Great Wall continued until the beginning of the Qing Dynasty
(1644). Now,  several sections of the wall have been restored as tourist attractions
and in other places the wall is quite well preserved.  3)


In spring, when trees and plants turn green, the Great Wall wanders among the burgeoning vegetation.
Everything looks so full of life . Spring is the time to avoid the tourist crowds of the summer and
autumn. Visitors should expect temperatures varying from 10 to 25ºC (50-77ºF).

Many historic legends and stories about the Great Wall evolved over the centuries  following
the construction. Since that time,   stories have spread around the country.  i.e.

o Meng Jiangnu's Bitter Weeping
o Legend of the Widow's Tower
o Story of the Happy Meeting Pass
o The Origin of The "Metal Soup" Great Wall

The Great Wall will be protected by evolving statutes according to Dong Yaohui, secretary-general
of the China Great Wall Society. The Beijing Bureau of Cultural Relics is soliciting expert advice
over the drafting of a law to protect the Great Wall, a famous landmark . The legal protections will focus
on protecting the Great Wall, its attached buildings and surrounding environment in the Beijing sections.
Intrepid hikers will not be permitted to explore unprotected sections of the Great Wall around Beijing .
The Ming wall construction is what remains today. It begins at Shanhai Pass in Hebei province and ends in the west at Jiayuguan Pass in Gansu province at the edge of the Gobi Desert. There is not much to see in the last 500 kilometers (310 miles) as little remains except for broken stones and rubble.

Parts of the Great Wall may be utilized as roadways for small vehicles. The structure could be useful for
laying solar energy panels to power adjoining municipalities for centuries to come. The Great Wall
continues to be an international tourist attraction for visitors throughout the world. From the moon ,
the Great Wall is not very visible.


The Great Wall of China was built to protect the Chinese Empire from marauders from the north. The first sections were built in the Seventh Century BC. At that time, China was segmented into many small states and political municipalities of varying sizes.

Scores of troops, conscripts and others were used to construct the Great Wall of China. The materials employed were those available proximate to the wall itself. Near Beijing, the
wall is constructed from quarried limestone blocks. In other locations, the construction consists of quarried granite or fired brick. Where such materials are used, two finished walls are erected with packed earth and rubble fill placed in between with a final paving to form a single unit.

In some areas the blocks were cemented with a mixture of gooey rice and egg whites. In the extreme western desert locations, where good materials are in scarce supply , the wall was constructed from dirt packed between rough wood secured with woven mats. The wall consists mainly of 3 types of
structures;  namely,  Beacon towers for defense and soldier accommodation, Walls for fortification purposes and Passes for allowing troop and delivery-route movements in various political subdivisions.

The Great Wall  is high - high enough that you would need scaling ladders. There were garrisons of soldiers posted along the wall route. They lived in little turrets built to be observation posts. Anyone mounting a ladder to scale the wall would have to face armed soldiers at the top . This defensive arrangement slowed invaders considerably but not totally.

After subjugating and uniting China from seven Warring States, the emperor connected and extended four old  fortification walls along northern China circa 700 B.C. (over 2500 years ago). Armies were stationed along the wall as a first line of  defense against the invading nomadic Hsiung Nu tribes north of China (the Huns). Signal fires from the Wall provided early warnings of an attack.

The structure was envisioned as a group of independent walls for different states when first built. The term Great Wall came into use in the Qin Dynasty. Emperor Qin Shihuang succeeded in
his effort to have the walls joined together to ward off the invasions from the Huns in the north. From then on, the Great Wall has served as a monument of the Chinese nation.

The Great Wall traverses great  deserts, plains, grasslands, mountains and plateaus. It stretches  nearly 8,851.8 kilometers (5,500 miles) from the east to west. The Great Wall has a history of over 2000 years. A few of the sections are now in ruins or have worn away to practically nothing. Nonetheless, the structure remains one of the most sought after attractions on earth due to its architectural splendor and continuing historical significance.

The Great Wall we see today was constructed in great part  during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). The structure starts from the Hushan Great Wall in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west crossing Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. The Great Wall isn't actually a single, continuous wall - it's a series of separate fortifications linked by hill defenses, rivers and trenches of various depths.

Over the centuries , the Great Wall was rebuilt, modified or extended . For over 2,000 years, millions of Chinese people were drafted to work on the task. The primary purpose was to
protect the Chinese Empire from the Mongolians and other invaders. Most of the Great Wall which survives today was built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). In some areas, two walls
built in multiple dynastic periods can be seen alongside each other.

The Great Wall is not just a single structure . Other defensive works; such as, forts, passes and beacon towers were built along the Wall to house auxiliary soldiers, conscripts, store grain , conceal weapons, and transmit strategic military field data.

The structure evolved from continuing clashes between agricultural and nomadic economies. As such, the Great Wall provided protection for continuing economic development and cultural progress. It safeguarded the trading routes such as the historic Silk Road, and secured transmission of information
and transportation.

Today,  less than 30% of the Great Wall remains in good condition. Various preservation societies have called for greater protection of this important relic.

The construction of the Great Wall continued until the beginning of the Qing Dynasty (1644). Now, several sections of the wall have been restored as tourist attractions and in other places the wall is
quite well preserved.  3)


In spring, when trees and plants turn green, the Great Wall wanders among the burgeoning vegetation. Everything looks so full of life . Spring is the time to avoid the tourist crowds of the summer and autumn.
Visitors should expect temperatures varying from 10 to 25ºC (50-77ºF).

Many historic legends and stories about the Great Wall evolved over the centuries  following the construction. Since that time,   stories have spread around the country.  i.e.

o Meng Jiangnu's Bitter Weeping
o Legend of the Widow's Tower
o Story of the Happy Meeting Pass
o The Origin of The "Metal Soup" Great Wall

The Great Wall will be protected by evolving statutes according to Dong Yaohui, secretary-general of the China Great Wall Society. The Beijing Bureau of Cultural Relics is soliciting expert advice over the drafting of a law to protect the Great Wall, a famous landmark . The legal protections will focus
on protecting the Great Wall, its attached buildings and surrounding environment in the Beijing sections.
Intrepid hikers will not be permitted to explore unprotected sections of the Great Wall around Beijing .
The Ming wall construction is what remains today. It begins at Shanhai Pass in Hebei province and ends in the west at Jiayuguan Pass in Gansu province at the edge of the Gobi Desert. There is not much to see in the last 500 kilometers (310 miles) as little remains except for broken stones and rubble.

Parts of the Great Wall may be utilized as roadways for small vehicles. The structure could be useful for laying solar energy panels to power adjoining municipalities for centuries to come. The Great Wall continues to be an international tourist attraction for visitors throughout the world.   From the moon ,
the Great Wall is not very visible.

Image:
ttp://static-l3.blogcritics.org/11/07/01/162821/5...0-.jpg?t=20110701085101

References:
1) http://www.travelchinaguide.com/china_great_wall

2) and 4)  http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/greatwall

3) http://www.travelchinaguide.com/china_great_wall


Credits: First Published on Blogcritics  7-1- 2011
The Great Wall - History and Possibilities for Future Use

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July 09, 2011
Thank you for the thoughtful comments. There's another informative review up there on Titan- Saturn's moon. Both are in Cafe Libre.
 
July 09, 2011
Extremely interesting review. I did not know much of this history. The pastor of our church visited the Great Wall some years back and calls it one of the greatest experiences of his life. Thanks for writing!
April 08, 2012
This is a fascinating topic for everyone. The Great Wall took 500 years or 5 centuries to build. Could you imagine someone having the faith to build a monument over so many lifetimes.
 
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More The Great Wall of China- Yeste... reviews
Quick Tip by . August 14, 2011
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Do any members of Supercontents have pictures that they would like to post onto the website or critiques of  "The Great Wall- History and Possibilities for Future Use "?
Quick Tip by . July 03, 2011
posted in Supercontents
Take a look at The Great Wall of China- Yesterday, Today and the Future. The review is now in the  Supercontents and Cafe Libre Communities.
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