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Coldplay are a English alternative rock group, formed in London in 1997. Chris Martin, who became Coldplay's lead vocalist and frontman of the band and Jonny Buckland, who became lead guitarist, were looking forward to form a band while at University College London.[1] After forming Pectoralz, Guy Berryman joined the group as a bassist and they changed thier name to Starfish afterwards.[2] Will Champion joined as a drummer and backup vocalist who plays various instruments, making the band's lineup complete. Out of the four, one member was considered to be fifth of the group; Phil Harvey has been the group's band manager.[3] The band finally renamed to "Coldplay" in 1998.[4] Tim Rice-Oxley was to be added to the lineup, but he refused to as he is working with Keane.[5] The band later recorded and released three EPs; Safety in 1998, Brothers & Sisters as a single in 1999 and The Blue Room in the same year. The latter was thier first release on a major label, after signing to Parlophone.[6]

Coldplay's early material was compared to acts such as Radiohead, Jeff Buckley, U2, and Travis.[7] They achieved worldwide fame with the release of the single "Yellow" in 2000, followed by their debut album released in the same year, Parachutes, which was nominated for the Mercury Prize. The band's second album, A Rush of Blood to the Head, released in 2002, won multiple awards, including NME's Album of the Year. Their next release, X&Y, received a slightly less enthusiastic yet still generally positive reception upon its release in 2005. The band's fourth studio album, Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends, was produced by Brian Eno and released again to largely favourable reviews in 2008, earning several Grammy nominations and wins.[8] Coldplay have sold over 50 million records worldwide.[9]

Since the release of Parachutes, Coldplay have drawn influence from other sources, including Echo & the Bunnymen,[10] Kate Bush, George Harrison[11] and Muse[12] on A Rush of Blood to the Head, Johnny Cash and Kraftwerk for X&Y [13] and Blur, Arcade Fire and My Bloody Valentine on Viva la Vida.[14] Coldplay have been an active supporter of various social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign and Amnesty International. The group have also performed at various charity projects such as Band Aid 20, Live 8, Sound Relief, Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief, and the Teenage Cancer Trust.[15]

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Genre:  Rock & Alternative
MembersChris Martin
AlbumsViva La Vida, Prospekt's March, Brothers & Sisters, A Rush of Blood to the Head, Parachutes, X&Y
Years Active:  1996–present
Genre:  Alternative Rock
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