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Chess Records was an American record label based in Chicago, Illinois. They specialized in blues, R&B, gospel music, early rock and roll, and occasional jazz releases.

Run by brothers Leonard and Phil Chess, the company produced and released many important singles and albums, which are now regarded as central to the rock music "canon." Musician and critic Cub Koda described Chess Records as "America's greatest blues label."[1]

Chess Records was based at several different locations on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, the most famous being at 2120 S. Michigan Avenue from c. 1956 to c. 1965., immortalized by British rock group The Rolling Stones in their song "2120 South Michigan", which was an instrumental recorded at that address during their first U.S. tour in 1964. The Rolling Stones would record at Chess Studios two more times after this. This building is now home to the Willie Dixon's Blues Heaven Foundation.

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ISBN-10:  039305280X
ISBN-13:  978-0393052800
Author:  Rich Cohen
Genre:  Music History
Publisher:  W.W. Norton and Co.
Date Published:  September 30, 2004
Format:  Hardcover
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review by . December 03, 2008
posted in Music Matters
These "record men" were a special breed.  Men like Herman Lubsinky at Savoy in New Jersey, Sam Phillips at Sun in Memphis, Syd Nathan of King Records in Cincinnati and one Leonard Chess were the driving force in the evolution of the music we now call rock and roll.  "Machers and Rockers" concentrates on Leonard Chess and tells the remarkable story of Chess Records.  In the span of 20 years beginning in 1948, the Chess brothers, Leonard and Phil, would build Chess …
Machers and Rockers
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