Originally bred to hunt badgers, Dachshunds are perhaps best for their long bodies and short legs, giving them the popular nickname "wiener dog." The seventh most popular breed in the US, they are widely loved for their clown-like antics and fierce loyalty.
It is thought that the earliest roots of the Dachshund can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where small, short-legged hounds have been depicted in artwork and even found mummified. However, it was not until the 1600's that the Dachshund we know today was first bred in Germany. They were originally bred to flush badgers from their underground dens, fight, and even exterminate them. In the 1700's, this actually became a form of entertainment known as badger baiting. Dachshunds were also frequently used to hunt small game such as rabbits and foxes.
In the US, Dachshunds are recognized in two sizes: Standard, weighing 16-32lbs and measuring 14-18 inches tall, and Miniature, weighing less than 11lbs by age 12 months and measuring up to 14 inches tall.
In addition, three coat varieties are recognized: Smooth, Longhaired, and Wirehaired. The smooth coat should be short, smooth, and shining, of medium thickness. The longhaired coat should be sleek, glistening, and long at the ears and tail. The wirehaired coat should...