Movies Books Music Food Tv Shows Technology Politics Video Games Parenting Fashion Green Living more >

Diabetes > Wiki


Diabetes is a condition in which the body either does not produce enough, or does not properly respond to, insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas. Insulin enables cells to absorb glucose in order to turn it into energy. In diabetes, the body either fails to properly respond to its own insulin, does not make enough insulin, or both. This causes glucose to accumulate in the blood, often leading to various complications.

Many types of diabetes are recognized: The principal three are:

    * Type 1: Results from the body's failure to produce insulin. It is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Presently almost all persons with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections.
    * Type 2: Results from Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Many people destined to develop type 2 diabetes spend many years in a state of Pre-diabetes: Termed "America's largest healthcare epidemic," pre-diabetes indicates a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. As of 2009 there are 57 million Americans who have pre-diabetes.
    * Gestational diabetes: Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar (glucose) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women. It may precede development of type 2 (or rarely type 1).
    * Many other forms of diabetes mellitus are categorized separately from these. Examples include congenital diabetes due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids, and several forms of monogenic diabetes.

All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became medically available in 1921, but there is no cure for the common types except a pancreas transplant, although gestational diabetes usually resolves after delivery. Diabetes and its treatments can cause many complications. Acute complications including hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma may occur if the disease is not adequately controlled. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage, which can lead to blindness, several types of nerve damage, and microvascular damage, which may cause erectile dysfunction and poor wound healing. Poor healing of wounds, particularly of the feet, can lead to gangrene, possibly requiring amputation. Adequate treatment of diabetes, as well as increased emphasis on blood pressure control and lifestyle factors such as not smoking and maintaining a healthy body weight, may improve the risk profile of most of the chronic complications. In the developed world, diabetes is the most significant cause of adult blindness in the non-elderly and the leading cause of non-traumatic amputation in adults, and diabetic nephropathy is the main illness requiring renal dialysis in the United States.

edit this info


Select a category and then fill in some basic details that someone might want to know about this topic.
What's your opinion on Diabetes?
8 Ratings: -4.2
You have exceeded the maximum length.
More Diabetes reviews
review by . October 12, 2009
posted in Healthy Lifestyle
Diabetes 1
This is about the personal battle that each and every one of us must wage with ourselves on a daily basis.  Should I start my day with my favorite donut and a large cup of coffee?  Do I  realize the importance of consuming at least 5 servings of fresh fruits and vegetables every day?  Do I take the elevator or climb the stairs at work?  Will I make time for vigorous daily exercise a priority in my life? Should I have a second helping of mashed potatoes?   Diabetes …
Quick Tip by . September 18, 2010
posted in Healthy Lifestyle
Diabetes has been shown to be curable through a raw diet. On the testimonials page of my website there is a video about five people who were cured of diabetes by going raw. My mother reversed her own diabetes years ago, shocking her doctors. Go to really raw raederle on blogspot to learn how to reverse your chronic illness through delicious food.
Quick Tip by . October 11, 2009
Diabetes...what a debilitating disease to live with. I remember a neighbor having his leg amputated...just awful. How to prevent it??
Quick Tip by . October 11, 2009
It wouldn't kill you right away, but you'll have to make huge lifestyle changes. I'm trying to avoid diabetes!
Quick Tip by . October 11, 2009
It's a prolong death sentence. Highly expensive & tough condition to be in. A former colleague has had his foot amputated due to this. Sad!
Related Topics
Heart Attack

Condition of the heart where there is a lack of blood supply


A disease which affects body cells

Food Poisoning

An illness from consumption of contaminated food

© 2015 Lunch.com, LLC All Rights Reserved
Lunch.com - Relevant reviews by real people.
This is you!
Ranked #
Last login
Member since