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English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria. Following the economic, political, military, scientific, cultural, and colonial influence of Great Britain and the United Kingdom from the 18th century, via the British Empire, and of the United States since the mid-20th century,  it has been widely dispersed around the world, become the leading language of international discourse, and has acquired use as lingua franca in many regions. It is widely learned as a second language and used as an official language of the European Union and many Commonwealth countries, as well as in many world organisations. It is the third most natively spoken language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish.

Historically, English originated from the fusion of languages and dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) settlers beginning in the 5th century – with the word "English" being derived from the name of the Angles. A significant number of English words are constructed based on roots from Latin, because Latin in some form was the lingua franca of the Christian Church and of European intellectual life. The language was further influenced by the Old Norse language with Viking invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries.

The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy borrowings from Norman-French, and vocabulary and spelling conventions began to give the superficial appearance of a close relationship with Romance languages to what had now become Middle English. The Great Vowel Shift that began in the south of England in the 15th century is one of the historical events marking the separation of Middle and Modern English.

English is arguably the largest language by number of words; the Oxford English Dictionary lists 500,000 words, not including technical and scientific terms

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review by . September 13, 2010
posted in Inspirations
To Sir with Love
Learning English may be as simple as ABC for most of the people here on Lunch.com, but it was quite the “Silk Road” for me. I didn’t speak a word of English until I was in Primary 5 (form 5 in America context). Having said that, English is not a difficult language, at least to speak it, isn’t. To master it, well, that’s another dimension altogether. For most foreigners, especially Asians, English is quite simple. Simpler than Chinese, Japanese or/and Korean. That’s …
Quick Tip by . September 13, 2010
When in a foreign country, we normally ask: "Do you speak English?". Will there be a day when the question is "Do you speak Chinese?" instead? Will I hear that question asked in my lifetime? I wonder...
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