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 God is a deity in theistic and deistic religions and other belief systems, representing either the sole deity in monotheism, or a principaldeity in polytheism.[1]

God is most often conceived of as the supernatural creator and overseer of the universeTheologians have ascribed a variety of attributes to the many different conceptions of God. The most common among these include omniscienceomnipotenceomnipresence,omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence. God has also been conceived as beingincorporeal, a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent".[1] These attributes were all supported to varying degrees by the early JewishChristian and Muslim theologian philosophers, including Maimonides,[2] Augustine of Hippo,[2] and Al-Ghazali,[3] respectively. Many notable medieval philosophers developed arguments for the existence of God.[3] Many notable philosophers and intellectuals have, by contrast, developed arguments against the existence of God.

Conceptions of God vary widely. Theologians and philosophers have studied countless conceptions of God since the dawn of civilization. The Abrahamic conceptions of God include the trinitarian view of Christians, the Kabbalistic definition of Jewish mysticism, and the Islamic concept of God. The dharmic religions differ in their view of the divine: views of God in Hinduism vary by region, sect, and caste, ranging from monotheistic to polytheistic to atheistic; the view of God in Buddhism is almost non-theist. In modern times, some more abstract concepts have been developed, such as process theology andopen theism. Conceptions of God held by individual believers vary so widely that there is no clear consensus on the nature of God.[14] The contemporaneous French philosopher Michel Henry has however proposed a phenomenological approach and definition of God as phenomenologicalessence of Life.[15]

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