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Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its primary buildings are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu. In September 2007, Peru and Yale University reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Hiram Bingham had removed from Machu Picchu in the early twentieth century.

Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Pikchu, "Old Peak") is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 meters (8,000 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometers (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is one of the most familiar symbols of the Inca Empire.

The Incas started building it around AD 1430 but was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. Although known locally, it was largely unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American historian. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.

Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Since it was not plundered by the Spanish when they conquered the Incas, it is especially important as a cultural site and is considered a sacred place.

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review by . February 03, 2010
The Sacred Machu Picchu
The journey to Machu Picchu was one filled with anticipation as my friend Julie and I stayed over at Cuzco to aclimitize for the hike to Machu Picchu. Well, actually, more like a slow walk. We didn't do the Inca Trail as we had limited time. Instead, we took the train ride all the way to a nearby town (Aguas Calientes) and stayed there for a night before we approached Machu Picchu in the early morning. All went well with the trip and we got to not only see Machu Picchu but experience its peaceful …
Quick Tip by . March 24, 2010
A mythical place high up in the mountains with a spirit of its own. Most marvelous experience for the adventurous!
Quick Tip by . September 04, 2009
My good friend and his girlfriend scaled Machu Picchu with all the modern gear, hard to believe the Incas did it w/o
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