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History

The first documented definition of the word "cocktail" was in response to a reader's letter asking to define the word in the May 6, 1806, issue of The Balance and Columbia Repository in Hudson, New York. In the May 13, 1806, issue, the paper's editor wrote that it was a potent concoction of spirits, bitters, water, and sugar, a kind of bittered sling.

The first use of the specific name "Old Fashioned" was for a Bourbon whiskey cocktail in the 1880s, at the Pendennis Club, a gentlemen’s club in Louisville, Kentucky. The recipe is said to have been invented by a bartender at that club, and popularized by a club member and bourbon distiller, Colonel James E. Pepper, who brought it to the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel bar in New York City.

Recipe

There is great contention on the proper way to make an Old Fashioned. The apparently earliest written recipe, from 1895, specifies the following: "Dissolve a small lump of sugar with a little water in a whiskey-glass; add two dashes Angostura bitters, a small piece ice, a piece lemon-peel, one jigger whiskey. Mix with small bar-spoon and serve, leaving spoon in glass.

Two recipes from the 1900s vary in the precise ingredients, but continue to omit the cherry expected in a modern Old Fashioned, as well as the top off of soda water contested by cocktail purists. Orange bitters were highly popular at this time and, for the second recipe,  Curacao appears to have been added to increase the orange flavor

Use old-fashioned cocktail glass. Sugar, 1 lump. Seltzer, 1 dash, and crush sugar with muddler. Ice, one square piece. Orange bitters, 1 dash. Angostura bitters, 1 dash. Lemon peel, 1 piece. Whiskey, 1 jigger. Stir gently and serve with spoon.

1 dash Angostura bitters 1 dash Curaçao Piece of cut loaf sugar Dissolve in two spoonfuls of water 100% liquor as desired 1 piece ice in glass. Stir well and twist a piece of lemon peel on top and serve

 

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Quick Tip by . October 13, 2010
This is my test for a bar/bartender: how do you make your old fashioned. It doesn't have to be the entire fruit salad approach, but you better muddle the orange and the cherry or I'll just stick to the simple drinks at your bar. Forget the bitters? I'm not returning.
Quick Tip by . September 04, 2010
I am not that big a fan of American whiskey; however, the "Old Fashioned" is a great whiskey cocktail. "Articwolf's" recipe is great.
review by . March 08, 2010
Here is my recipe for the Old Fashioined Cocktail      The Old Fashioned Cocktail 1 1/2 oz bourbon whiskey   1 tsp simple sugar   1 dash bitters   2 large ice cubes   1 Twist of lemon peel Add the first three ingredients to a rocks glass over the ice cubes   Rub the cut edge of the orange peel over the rim of the glass and twist it over the drink. (This will release the oil from the orange zest into the drink)   Discard …
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