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The euro is the official currency  of the European Union (EU), and is currently in use in 16 of the 27 Member States. The states, known collectively as the eurozone, are Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia  and Spain.  The currency is also used in a further five European countries, with and without formal agreements, and is consequently used daily by some 327 million Europeans.  Over 175 million people worldwide use currencies which are pegged to the euro, including more than 150 million people in Africa.

The euro is the second largest reserve currency (a status it inherited from the German mark) as well as the second most traded currency in the world after the U.S. dollar. As of October 2009, with more than €790 billion in circulation, the euro is the currency with the highest combined value of banknotes and coins in circulation in the world, having surpassed the U.S. dollar. Based on IMF estimates of 2008 GDP and purchasing power parity among the various currencies, the eurozone is the second largest economy in the world.

The name euro was officially adopted on 16 December 1995. The euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio of 1:1. Euro coins and banknotes entered circulation on 1 January 2002.
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Quick Tip by . November 10, 2010
The same currency for a block of regional countries is an ideal, not a practical system, especially since the many countries are different, not only in terms of culture but also productivity and historical relevance. Is it a fair and equitable system? Well, different people have different views. Can the poorer countries keep up with the rich ones? Can countries with high unemployment go bankrupt and drag the others down with it? Questions unanswered but only history will reveal. Too early to tell. …
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