|
Movies Books Music Food Tv Shows Technology Politics Video Games Parenting Fashion Green Living more >

Turkey > Wiki

Wiki

Turkey (TurkishTürkiye), known officially as the Republic of Turkey(About this sound Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (help·info)), is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula inwestern Asia and Thrace in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey is one of the six independent Turkic states. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; ArmeniaAzerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran to the east; andIraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles(which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Eastern Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.[7] Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance.[8][9]

The predominant religion by number of people is Islam--about 97% of the population, the second by number of people is Christianity--0,6%, according to the World Christian Encyclopedia.[10] The country's official language is Turkish, whereas Kurdish and Zazaki languages are spoken by Kurds and Zazas, who comprise 18% of the population.[11]

Turks began migrating into the area now called Turkey ("land of the Turks") in the 11th century. The process was greatly accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert.[12] Several small beyliks and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol Empire's invasion. Starting from the 13th century, the Ottoman beylik united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following its defeat in World War I, parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies. A cadre of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, they would establish the modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president.

Turkey is a democraticsecularunitaryconstitutional republic, with an ancient cultural heritage. Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as theCouncil of EuropeNATOOECDOSCE and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and having reached a customs union agreement in 1995. Turkey has also fostered close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Middle East, the Turkic states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organizations such as theOrganisation of the Islamic Conference and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Given its strategic location, large economy and army, Turkey is classified as a regional power.[13][14]

edit this info

Details

Select a category and then fill in some basic details that someone might want to know about this topic.
What's your opinion on Turkey?
rate
3 Ratings: +4.3
You have exceeded the maximum length.
More Turkey reviews
review by . September 06, 2006
Pros: Wonderfully historic and diverse country; beautiful people and country.      Cons: Terrorism seems to be on the rise; so too is religious zealotry.     The Bottom Line: Turkey is a country steeped in history; visit while you still can.     When I joined the U.S. Navy right out of High School I never imagined that I would be stationed in Turkey, gateway to western Asia, but that is where I was heading in the summer of 1983. I had just …
Photos
Turkey
Turkey
Related Topics
Jordan

A country

Lebanon

A country in The Middle East.

Mexico

A country

Italy

A country

First to Review
Polls
Albania

Best European Countries

by

© 2014 Lunch.com, LLC All Rights Reserved
Lunch.com - Relevant reviews by real people.
()
This is you!
Ranked #
Last login
Member since
reviews
comments
ratings
questions
compliments
lists