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Passiflora edulis is a vine species of passion flower that is native to Brazil, Paraguay and northeastern Argentina (Corrientes and Misiones provinces). Common names include Passion FruitMaracujá/Maracuyá (South America), and Liliko╩╗i (Hawaiian). It is cultivated commercially in frost-free areas for its fruit and is widely grown in India, New Zealand, the Caribbean, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Indonesia, Peru, California, Florida, Haiti, Hawaii, Australia, East Africa, Israel and South Africa. The passion fruit is round to oval, yellow or dark purple at maturity, with a soft to firm, juicy interior filled with numerous seeds. The fruit can be grown to eat or for its juice, which is often added to other fruit juices to enhance the aroma. The fruit shown are mature for juicing and culinary use. For eating right out of the fruit, allow the fruit to wrinkle for a few days to raise the sugar levels and enhance the flavor.

The two types of passion fruit have clearly differing exterior appearances. The bright yellow variety of passion fruit, which is also known as the Golden Passion Fruit, can grow up to the size of a grapefruit, has a smooth, glossy, light and airy rind, and has been used as a rootstock for the Purple Passion Fruit in Australia. The dark purple passion fruit is smaller than a lemon.

The purple varieties of the fruit have been found to contain traces of cyanogenic glycosides in the skin.

These forms of Passiflora edulis have been found to be different species. They occur in different climate regions in nature and bloom at different times of day The purple-fruited species is self-fertile and the yellow fruited species, despite claims to the contrary, is self-sterile and requires two clones for pollination. 
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