The Philadelphia Phillies
are a National League Eastern Division team in Major League Baseball. The team is based out of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and are currently the raining and defending 2008 World Series Champions. The Phillies currently play ball at Citizens Bank Park
in South Philadelphia which opened in April of 2004. The Phillies are known to be the longest running, one-named team in all of Major League Baseball.
The Phillies franchise was founded in 1883 in Philadelphia, PA, replacing the team in Worcester. The team has played their Major League games in a variety of different stadiums, the first being Recreation Park. This was followed by the Baker Bowl from 1887 through 1938, Connie Mack Stadium from 1938 through 1970, Veterans Stadium from 1971 through 2003 and finally Citizens Bank Park which the Phillies are currently playing in.
The Phillies were originally named the Quakers, but the name changed to the Phillies as times changed. For a while the team were known by both names, but in 1890, the team became officially known as the Phillies. As a new team, the Phillies had up and downs like any other and went from 1918 to 1948 with just one winning season.
A little under forty years later, the Phillies finally made it to the World Series in 1980 against the Kansas City Royals
. Thanks to great hitters like Phillies legend Mike Schmidt and Pete Rose, the Phillies won the World Series in six games. Schmidt had been the National League MVP that year, also winning the World Series MVP after hitting 8 for 21 with two game winning hits.
In 1993, the Phillies made it back to the World Series against the Toronto Blue Jays
. In game six of the Fall Classic, Jays hitter Joe Carter hit a walk off home run against Phillies closer Mitch Williams to win the Series, sending the Phillies home. The Phillies would have their next winning season in 2001 under new manager Larry Bowa. In 2005, Bowa handed the reigns over to current Phillies manager Charlie Manuel and Pat Gillick took over as general manager, helping shape the team into what it is today. In 2007, the Phillies earned their Major League record 10,000th loss, but with the same core group of players including Ryan Howard, Chase Utley, Jimmy Rollins and Shane Victorino, came back and won the 2008 World Series against the Tampa Bay Rays