Shanghai Maglev Train holds the record of the fastest train in mainland China, which has a top operation speed of 431 km/h and top testing speed of 501 km/h. However, due to the short distance (only 30 km maglev tracks), the average operational speed for the maglev train is 245.5 km/h.
For regular high-speed trains, China Star held the top speed record from Dec 2002 to 2008 with a top speed of 321 km/h during a test run on Qinshen Passenger Railway. This record was broken by a series of testing runs in early 2008 on the newly built Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Rail. During a run in June 2008, CRH3 set the top speed record to 394 km/h.