Brave New World is often compared to the better known 1984 dystopian novels which describe a future run by an overbearing government. Brave New World was actually written first and in my opinion is the worse of the two but that does not mean it is a bad book by any means.
The story tells the tale of a future where human beings are no longer conceived but instead cloned and have been categorised into pre-determined roles due to controlled levels of intelligence - alphas, for example, are the most intelligent group and hold jobs in high up positions. Epsilons are on the other end of the spectrum and hold such basic jobs as lift assistant (a quaint idea now considering the book takes place in the future).
Society has completely changed. There is a New World Order (that is, one government which rules the entire world) and things like casual sex and encouraged while drug taking is seen as the answer to everything. It is suggested that soma, the government supplied drug which makes people feel relaxed and carefree, is one of the sources of their control. This is quite true though as Huxley demonstrates that from the minute they are cloned humans are trained to know their place and role in society.
There are a few places left on Earth that haven't been touched by modern technology and humans still live there and breed naturally - that is where the story takes place. It, like 1984, is the story of one man's fight against 'the man'.
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