Usually a few weeks before birth, most babies will move into delivery position, with their head moving near the birth canal. If this does not happen, the baby's buttocks and/or feet, will be in place to be delivered first. This is called a breech presentation. Breech births occur in about 1 of 25 full-term births.
The different types of breech presentations -
* Frank breech: The fetus' buttocks are aimed toward the birth canal and the legs stick straight up in front of the body. The feet are near the head.
* Complete breech: The buttocks are down, with the legs folded at the knees and the feet near the buttocks.
* Footling breech: One or both of the fetus' feet are pointing down and will come out first.
The causes of breech presentations are not fully known. However, a breech birth is more common :
* In subsequent pregnancies
* In pregnancies of multiples
* When there is history of premature delivery
* When the uterus has too much or too little amniotic fluid
* In an abnormal shaped uterus or a uterus with abnormal growths, such as fibroids.
* For women with placenta previa
A few weeks prior to the due date, the health care provider may place his/her hands on the mother's lower abdomen to locate the baby's head, back, and buttocks. If they think the baby is in a breech position, an ultrasound may be used to ...