John and Mond debate the value of the World State’s policies, John arguing that they dehumanize the residents of the World State and Mond arguing that stability and happiness are more important than humanity. Mond explains that social stability has required the sacrifice of art, science, and religion. John protests that, without these things, human life is not worth living. Bernard reacts wildly when Mond says that he and Helmholtz will be exiled to distant islands, and he is carried from the room. Helmholtz accepts the exile readily, thinking it will give him a chance to write, and soon follows Bernard out of the room. John and Mond continue their conversation. They discuss religion and the use of soma to control negative emotions and social harmony.
John's submission to World State society makes him hangs himself.
Brave New World warns of the dangers of giving the state control over new and powerful technologies. One illustration of this theme is the rigid control of reproduction through technological and medical intervention, including the surgical removal of ovaries, the Bokanovsky Process, and hypnopaedic conditioning. Another is the creation of complicated entertainment machines that generate both harmless leisure and the high levels of consumption and production that are the basis of the World State’s stability. Soma is a third example of the kind of medical, biological, and psychological technologies that Brave New World criticizes most sharply.
It is important to recognize the distinction between science and technology. Whereas the State talks about progress and science, what it really means is the bettering of technology, not increased scientific exploration and experimentation. The state uses science as a means to build technology that can create a seamless, happy, superficial world through things such as the “feelies.” The state censors and limits science, however, since it sees the fundamental basis behind science, the search for truth, as threatening to the State’s control. The State’s focus on happiness and stability means that it uses the results of scientific research, inasmuch as they contribute to technologies of control, but does not support science itself.
Another excellent example of a negative utopia which generally is named in the same breath as Orwell's 1984...but there is very little in common beyond that. The book opens by showcasing it's perfection of societal division, where social groupings and career roles are predetermined by a eugenics program implemented after years of research and development. As well, within the opening introduction, we discover that the old social mores and customs have been eliminated … more
One of the noticeable things about this novel at its conclusion is that you don't really find any fully likable characters. While most novels have a clear and defined party you should sympathize with and join for the journey throughout the work Brave New World does not. Lenina, John, and Bernerd all have appalling or ironic behavior that make them difficult to like. The other characters, while developed and rich are even worse. This isn't a bad thing but an interesting story … more
To me, Brave New World and 1984 are two sides to the same dystopian coin, but it's 1984 that tends toward popularity and glory, while Brave New World is often only discovered by people who are already fans of the science fiction genre and looking to expand their classics reading. I, too, am guilty of this and only discovered Brave New World a few years ago. Now I say to myself "How can you call yourself a Science Fiction fan without having read this (and … more
Brave New World is often compared to the better known 1984 dystopian novels which describe a future run by an overbearing government. Brave New World was actually written first and in my opinion is the worse of the two but that does not mean it is a bad book by any means. The story tells the tale of a future where human beings are no longer conceived but instead cloned and have been categorised into pre-determined roles due to controlled levels of intelligence - alphas, … more