is an emotion
and typically refers to the negative thoughts
of insecurity, fear, and anxiety over an anticipated loss of something that the person values, such as a relationship, friendship, or love. Jealousy often consists of a combination of emotions such as anger
Jealousy is a familiar experience in human relationships
. It has been observed in infants five months old and older.
Some claim that jealousy is seen in every culture;
however, others claim jealousy is a culture-specific phenomenon.
Jealousy as an emotion or the impact of jealousy has been a theme of many novels, songs, poems, films and other artistic works. It has also been a topic of interest for scientists, artists, and theologians. Psychologists
have proposed several models of the processes underlying jealousy and have identified factors that result in jealousy. Sociologists
have demonstrated that cultural beliefs and values play an important role in determining what triggers jealousy and what constitutes socially acceptable expressions of jealousy. Biologists
have identified factors that may unconsciously influence the expression of jealousy. Artists have explored the theme of jealousy in photographs, paintings, movies, songs, plays, poems, and books. Theologians have offered religious views of jealousy based on the scriptures of their respective ...