Movies Books Music Food Tv Shows Technology Politics Video Games Parenting Fashion Green Living more >

Lunch » Tags » Science » Reviews » Mars May Yet Hold Promise » User review

Mars May Yet Hold Promise

Mars- The Challenges Ahead

< read all 1 reviews

The Challenges Ahead

  • Mar 16, 2011
  • by
Mars May Yet Hold Promise
by Dr. Joseph S. Maresca

Mars is known as the Red Planet due to its rustic coloration and appearance.
The density of Mars is about 30 % less than that of Earth (4.  g/cm3 vs. 5.5g/cm3).
There are upcoming technologies like wind power and the Maglev
levitational magnetic platforms that may compensate for the lower density of Mars
vis-a-vis the earth.

Magnetic levitation systems have focused on frictionless and active stiffness
characteristics.  The Mechatronics approach has a simple servo design.
By breaking the system into small SISO loops, a simple control algorithym can achieve
complicated control. A partitioned experimental Maglev utilizes analytics for
subsystem partitions coincident with classic linear controllers.

Fusion power could be another source of electricity resulting from continuing research
on the “Artificial Sun” project in Livermore. The National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore
will utilize a laser that concentrates 1,000 times the electric generating power of the United States
into a billionth of a second. The result should be an explosion in the reaction chamber
which may produce 10 times the amount of energy used to create it.

This scientific team will begin attempts to ignite a tiny manufactured star inside a lab and trigger
a thermonuclear reaction. Its goal is to generate temperatures of more than 100 million degrees
Celsius and pressures billions of times higher than those found anywhere on the earth, from a
tiny drop of fuel.   If successful, the experiment will mark the first step toward building a commercializable
nuclear fusion power station and a source of  virtual power. 

With a virtual power source, Mars can become an important interplanetary manufacturing center
consisting of unmanned stations with minimal human interface as time marches on
toward the 22nd century and beyond. Mars may be a good choice for manufacturing products
and processes that produce large amounts of waste and pollution- particularly if there are minimal
life forms that would be impacted .  Further into the future, the Titan moon of Saturn would be
a good place to obtain an almost unlimited amount of hydrocarbons and natural gas forms.

Mars might be a good storage place for these gases enroute to Earth.   Admittedly, this is a 22nd
Century project goal.  By the mid- 21st century, we will need to investigate the interplanetary
sources of energy because the population here will be approaching 9 billion people and growing.
Fortunately, there may be some good alternatives; however far into the future these alternatives
may be.

The atmosphere of Mars is unlike the nitrogen/oxygen
ratio here on earth. Instead, the Martian atmosphere is 95% carbon dioxide,
nearly 3% oxygen  2% argon , trace quantities of oxygen, carbon monoxide, water vapor,
ozone and other mixtures. For life to be sustained on Mars, scientists would be required to
implement a geodome concept with extensive tree planting to maintain a viable oxygen/CO2 cycle
together with existing water from the polar caps. Sunlight would be problematic because
the planet gets approximately 40-50% of the natural sunlight on earth. Advanced laser system
amplification might provide some compensation for the paucity of sunlight.

The core is probably similar to Earth, mostly iron, with small amounts of nickel,
but spacecraft mapping of its gravity field seem to indicate that the iron-rich core and mantle
are a smaller portion of its volume than on Earth. Also, the smaller magnetic field indicates a solid core.

The salient characteristics of Mars are as follows:

o solid core probably made of iron
o 30% less dense than earth
o trace amounts of nickel
o a smaller magnetic field than the earth
o  trace quantities of oxygen, carbon monoxide, water vapor and ozone

There is no known tectonic activity on Mars . The planet hosts Olympus Mons, the highest known
mountain in the Solar System, and of Valles Marineris- the largest canyon.
Mars’ rotational period and seasonal cycles are comparable to those of Earth.

Mars is most likely to have liquid water, and (by extension) life forms.  Geological evidence
gathered by various unmanned missions suggest that Mars once had large amounts of water
on the surface.  Smaller water flows may have occurred during the past decade.
In 2005, radar data revealed the presence of large quantities of water ice at the poles,
and at the mid-latitudes.

The Phoenix Mars Lander found water ice samples in the soil during July , 2008.
Observations by NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor show evidence that parts of the southern polar ice cap
are disappearing with time.  In March 2007, NASA announced that the volume of
water ice in the south polar ice cap, if melted, would be sufficient to cover the entire planetary surface
to a depth of 11 m. Additionally, a permafrost mantle stretches from the pole to latitudes of about 60°.
The weather stays within a range of -87 C and 20 C. The day is over 24 hours and the Martian
calendar is approximately 1.8 earth years.

Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, which may be crashed asteroids.   Mars  hosts  three
functional orbiting spacecraft: Mars Odyssey, Mars Express, and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
On the surface are dual Mars Exploration Rovers.    The Phoenix completed its mission on the surface in 2008.
The Challenges Ahead

What did you think of this review?

Fun to Read
Post a Comment
March 20, 2011
Well, if MARS NEEDS MOMS is any indication, we may have plenty to learn about the conventions of family as well.
March 16, 2011
Thanks a lot Djevoke. On Supercontent, I'm trying to get people to write content based on research and/or investigative journalism aimed at solving an important problem or challenge. This new community may attract researchers, students and hobbyists too.
March 16, 2011
Great piece on Mars, I didn't know most of the facts that you included in here. I went ahead and added a photo and tags for you, so that the review can get the attention that it deserves. If you have any questions about how to add them yourself, feel free to let me know!
About the reviewer
Dr Joseph S Maresca ()
Ranked #25
Dr. Joseph S. Maresca CPA, CISA      26 Amazon / KDP Books including:      http://www.amazon.com/Dr.Joseph-S.-Maresca/e...11866699&sr=1-2-ent      … more
Consider the Source

Use Trust Points to see how much you can rely on this review.

Your ratings:
rate more to improve this
About this topic
First to Review

"The Challenges Ahead"
© 2015 Lunch.com, LLC All Rights Reserved
Lunch.com - Relevant reviews by real people.
This is you!
Ranked #
Last login
Member since