are a superhero team
in the Marvel Comics Universe
. They were created by writer Stan Lee
and artist Jack Kirby
, and first appeared in The X-Men
#1 (September 1963). The basic concept of the X-Men is that under a cloud of increasing anti-mutant
sentiment, Professor Xavier
created a haven at his Westchester mansion
to train young mutants to use their powers for the benefit of humanity, and to prove mutants can be heroes.
Xavier recruited Cyclops
, and Marvel Girl
, calling them "X-Men" because they possess special powers due to their possession of the "X-gene," a gene which normal humans lack and which gives mutants their abilities. Early on, however, the "X" in X-Men stood for "extra" power which normal humans lacked. It was also alluded to that mutations occurred as a result of radiation exposure.
The first issue also introduced the team's archenemy, Magneto
, who would continue to battle the X-Men for decades throughout the comic's history, both on his own and with his Brotherhood of Mutants
(introduced in issue #4). The X-Men universe also includes such notable heroes as Wolverine
, and Rogue
. Besides the Brotherhood of Mutants, other villains that the X-Men have fought include the Sentinels
, Mister Sinister
, and the Hellfire Club
The X-Men comics have been adapted into other media, including animated television series
, video games
, and a ...