China and USA Relations- Important Crossroads by Dr. Joseph S. Maresca
I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I- I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. 1)
President Barack Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao meet in Washington this week to reset relations . The two leaders are bound by a multi-trillion dollar partnership in debt and trade. A plethora of issues are on the plate. These issues are:
o currency reform o new technologies to benefit consumers o human rights o mutual cooperation in neutralizing adjacent nation state hostilities in places like N. Korea o the trillion dollar debt of the USA held by China
This Administration will use the White House meetings with Hu to encourage China to let its currency, the yuan, float freely. A freely floating Yuan will make American exports more competitive. There are many conditions for a mutually beneficial trade between the USA and China.
China has had problems historically with migrating high technology from the coastal areas of China inland to the remote areas. There are methodologies like Operations Research which can assist in determining optimal routes through the Transportation/Trans-ship Models, Linear Programming and Dynamic Programming. Queuing/Waiting Line Models may be employed to service queues optimally in manufacturing, as well as medical care delivery in places like Mongolia.
Parts of Inner Mongolia have had challenges with overgrazing, land erosion and desert encroachment. American agricultural experience, patenting and food manufacturing methodologies can be put to good use in assisting China with these difficult issues. For instance, an apparatus for controlled grazing and pasture irrigation is listed below. 2)
United States Patent 5572954 is an apparatus for controlled grazing and pasture irrigation. Two center-pivot irrigation systems are utilized for controlled grazing. A preceding and succeeding center-pivot system contain electrified fences for containing herds and controlling the extent of their grazing. The preceding system contains water tanks for the herd and the succeeding system irrigates the pasture. Together the systems eliminate overgrazing and improve the quality of the herd.
Historically, the administrative divisions in rural China have consisted of production teams, brigades, communes, county governance and the prefecture. Modern organizational designs may be employed to simplify the implementation of management practices in the rural areas to facilitate production .
Improvements in water conservancy have helped to eliminate waste, improve drainage canals and reduce huge floods in China's past history. China's biggest flood occurred during August, 1931. Nearly 4 million people died in the Huang He River flood. Previously, an 1887 flood of the Huang He River produced nearly 1 million deaths.
The USA can assist China with the Civil Engineering aspects of flood containment, as well as new methods and techiques to manage water optimally.
When water rises and approaches the entrance, FloodBreak floats and rotates upwards. The higher the water rises, the higher the gate rises in front of it. The hydrostatic pressure of the backed-up floodwater raises the barrier and activates the self-sealing rubber flange. 3)
Once a flood has begun, the barrier will be held shut by the water and cannot be opened until the water recedes, when FloodBreak returns to the lowered position, opening the entrance once again. The width is unlimited, and the height can be whatever you need it to be. Floodbreak provides the only practical passive, 100% automatic floodgate on the market.
The largest known earthquake in history occurred on January 24, 1556 in Shaanxi, China. A reported 830,000 people were killed. Clearly, the United States can assist in earthquake monitoring , contingency planning and modern disaster recovery techniques.
Energy research and implementation is another area of goal congruency between the United States and China. Projects like the "Artificial Sun" could produce virtual energy for the future. Improvements in solar energy could result in harvesting huge amounts of energy in areas like the Gobi desert in China. Wind energy and horizontal zig-zag oil drilling are other possibilities for mutual cooperation and conditions for trade.
Human rights issues remain on the agenda. These issues include the rights of journalists, ongoing issues with Tibet and the decentralization of power within existing bureaucratic institutions in China . 4)
Both the USA and China have a mutual interest in cooperating to contain aggressions by nation states in the area. North Korea has asserted itself in relations with South Korea. 5)
On 4th November 1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower became the new President of the United States . He committed to end the Korean War. Stalin died on 5th March 1953. On 27th July, 1953 the impasse was ended with the signing of an Armistice. 6) However, no peace treaty followed to formally end the war.
The undersigned, the Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command, on the one hand, and the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army and the Commander of the Chinese People's Volunteers, on the other hand, in the interest of stopping the Korean conflict, with its great toil of suffering and bloodshed on both sides, and with the objective of establishing an armistice which will insure a complete cessation of hostilities and of all acts of armed force in Korea until a final peaceful settlement is achieved, do individually, collectively, and mutually agree to accept and to be bound and governed by the conditions and terms of armistice set forth in the following articles and paragraphs, which said conditions and terms are intended to be purely military in character and to pertain solely to the belligerents in Korea ...7)
China holds a trillion dollars of USA debt. A stable dollar and an ending global recessionary climate should do much to neutralize this debt over time. After all, the economy of the United States is nearly $15 trillion dollars and growing . 8)
1. The Road Not Taken, Robert Frost (1874- 1963). Mountain Interval. 1920
2. United States Patent 5572954 by Elkins Field of Search: Apparatus for Controlled Grazing and Pasture Irrigation 119/20, 119/843, 119/701, 119/422, 119/502, 119/510, 119/512, 119/518, 239/161, 239/166, 239/163, 239/728, 256/10, 256/23