Harum Manis, a variety of the mango fruit Mangifera indica L., is said to be one of the best varities in the world. It originated in Indonesia and is registered as Arumanis 143. In Malaysia, where it is known as Harumanis variety, the registered name is M128. A sub-cultivar (cultivated variety) is called gadung.
The colour of the skin is green, even when it is ripe except for a tinge of yellow closer to the fruit stalk and shoulder. The flesh when ripe is yellow. The sub-cultivar gadung has a more attractive orangish flesh when fully ripe, especially near the seed.
The fruit is more or less kidney-shaped, about 400-600 gm when mature. It is unique in the sense that it has a "beak" at the distal end and a "dimple" nearby.
As typical for mango trees, they need 2-4 months of dry weather to induce flowering. In the Southern Hemisphere, the flowering season is in July-September whereas in the Northertn Hemisphere, in February-March. The harvesting seasons are in October-December and May-July respectively. It takes about 3 months to get ripen,
Harumanis from Malaysia is now exported to Japan, the first ever variety of mango to have done so. to prove its sweetness and fragrance as its name indicates.
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