If caution must be the hall-mark of history, all that may be said is that the men in power were vigorously opposed by the men who were out, while in between stood large numbers of neutral-minded gentlemen placidly prepared to support whichever group held office . . . The ins and outs might as well have names, and why not employe the names of Whig and Tory which their supporters cast at one another?
Here democracy, shielded by the oceans and the Royal Navy from European dangers, founded upon English institutions and the Common Law, stimulated by the impulse of the French Revolution, seemed at last to have achieved both prosperity and power. The abounding industrialism of the Eastern states was balanced and fed by an immense agriculture of yeomen farmers. In all material affairs the American people surpassed anything that history had known before.Friendly foreigner, indeed, Churchill seems fascinated by the spectacle of the war, and it is fascinating to see his fondness for Confederate Generals Lee and Jackson, and also for the much-maligned Union general McClellan. Lincoln cashiered him after the blood-bath at Antietam was followed up by weeks of inaction as Lee and his battered army retreated south to fight on years longer. But Churchill reminds us, as only an outsider can, that Lincoln for all his greatness, was a poor manager of military leadership. For a modern and polemical view of the Special Relationship between England and America, read the ever-boisterous Christopher Hitchens.
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